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  Chapters 7 - 12: Details


  
C
LICK ON THESE LINKS TO SEE WHATS IN CHAPTERS 7 THROUGH 12

These chapters are available only in the
complete 12-chapter
Second Edition of How Music REALLY Works!


Chapter 7
How Beat, Pulse, Meter, Tempo, and Rhythm REALLY Work

  

Chapter 8
How Phrase and Form REALLY Work

  

Chapter 9
How Melody and Melody-harmony Integration REALLY Work

  

Chapter 10
How Lyrics REALLY Work

  

Chapter 11
How Repertoire, Signature, and Performance REALLY Work

  

Chapter 12
How the Music Business and Music Entrepreneurship REALLY Work

 

Appendix 1
Roedy Black’s Chord Progression Chart
 

Appendix 2
Useful Websites and Resources

 
Appendix 3
Winners of the Moose-Nobel Prize in Music, 1901 - 2006

   
       
Chapter Notes (FREE)

   
References (FREE)

   
Index (FREE)
 


 

CHAPTER 7:
How Beat, Pulse, Meter, Tempo, and Rhythm REALLY Work
 

CHAPTER 7 is available only in the
complete 12-chapter
Second Edition of How Music REALLY Works!
Below: chapter contents.

 
7.1
E
VOLUTION, THE BRAIN, AND RHYTHM

  • Where Rhythm Comes From: the Time-keeper in Your Brain

  • Evolutionary Perspectives on the Auditory System, Sense of Balance (Vestibular System), Bipedalism, and Locomotion in Humans  
      

7.2
YOUR BRAINS EVOLVED MEMORY FUNCTIONS

  • Music and Memory Limitations

  • Short-term and Working Memory
    The Phonological Loop
    Working Memory

  • “Chunking” to the Rescue (More or Less)

  • Long-term Declarative (Explicit) Memory
           Episodic Memory
           Semantic Memory

  • Long-term Procedural (Implicit) Memory

  • Repetition and Memory in Music
       

7.3
B
EAT VS PULSE

  • How Unmeasured Music Differs from Measured Music

  • How Your Brain “Predicts” the Beat in Measured Music

  • How Beat Differs from Pulse  
           Beat
           Pulse

  • How Habituation Works
      

7.4
T
YPES OF PULSE

  • Duple/Quadruple Pulse

  • Triple Pulse

  • Skipple Pulse
    Mashing Duple and Triple Yields Skipple
    Embedded Skipple Pulses

  • Are There Any Other Pulses?


7.5
M
ETER AND TIME SIGNATURE

  • What Meter Is and How it Works
    Pulse Chunking

  • How Beat, Pulse, and Meter Relate to Each Other

  • How Time Signature Works: Merely a Silent Notational Convenience


7.6
V
ARIETIES OF METER

  • Types of Simple Meter

  • Types of Compound Meter

  • Types of Combined Meter
           Important Note on Time Signature and Combined
                 Meter
           How Double Skipple Pulse Works in Hip-hop

  • Irregular Meter
           Pink Floyd’s “Money”: How and Why it Works Brilliantly

  • Relative Popularity of the Four Types of Meter
           Combined Quadruple: Not the Most Common, but the
                  Coolest Meter


7.7
T
EMPO

  • What Tempo Is and How it Works

  • How Tempo Affects Meter

  • Four Tempo Ranges in Terms of Human Locomotion

  • How to Make Slow Tempo Seem Fast (And Vice-versa)

  • Emotional Effects of Tempo


7.8
R
HYTHM, THE SOUL OF MELODY

  • How to Tell Meter from Rhythm

  • How Simple Ratios Work in Marking the Flow of Time: The Law of Simple Multiples or Fractions of the Underlying Beat

  • How Accents “Automatically” Communicate Beat, Pulse, and Meter

  • Understanding Ostinato, Your Close Personal Friend

  • Superimposed Ostinatos in Hip-hop and Dance/Electronica

  • Keep Your Bass Player and Fire Your Drummer (If You Have To Choose)

  • Emotional Effects of Various Kinds of Rhythm and Articulation

 

7.9
M
ETER AND RHYTHM IN POPULAR VS “CLASSICAL MUSIC

  • One Big Difference: Big Beat

  • Other Big Differences: Improvisation, Syncopation, and Polyrhythm
    Cross Rhythm

  • Polyrhythm: Breaking the Law of Simple Multiples or Fractions of the Underlying Beat

 

7.10
M
ETER, TEMPO, AND RHYTHM: UNITY AND VARIETY

  • Optimizing Unity and Variety in Meter, Tempo, and Rhythm

  • The Wundt Curve of Unity and Variety

 


 

CHAPTER 8:
How Phrase and Form REALLY Work
 

CHAPTER 8 is available only in the
complete 12-chapter
Second Edition of How Music REALLY Works!
Below: chapter contents.

 
8.1
D
ISTINGUISHING BETWEEN VM (VOCAL-MELODIC) PHRASES AND STRUCTURAL PHRASES

  • VM (Vocal-Melodic) Phrases

  • Structural Phrases

  • Musical Structure and Gestalt Principles
      

8.2
W
HY BINARY STRUCTURE IS THE SOUL OF GREAT POPULAR SONG FORM

  • Binary Structure at Every Level

  • Chunking and “Repetition of Repetition of Repetition”: Coping with the Limits of Short-term/Working Memory

  • Techniques of Variation Within Binary Structure

  • Chunking and Structural Unit Size

  • Relationships Between VM Phrase Beginnings and Structural Phrase Beginnings
    1. Beginning the VM Phrase Before Beat One of Bar One
            (Anacrusis, the Default)
    2. Beginning the VM Phrase On Beat One of Bar One
    3. Beginning the VM Phrase
    After Beat One of Bar One

  • Metrical Position vs Pitch in Melody and Speech: The Accent-matching Law


8.3
O
THER MATTERS OF PHRASE AND FORM

  • VM Phrase Limitations That Do Not Apply to Instrumentally-played Melodic Phrases

  • AABA and All That
           Returning vs Continuing Form
           “Standard” vs “Classic”

  • Main Forms in “Serious” Western Music of the Common Practice Period (1600 - 1900)

 

8.4
F
ORM: UNITY, VARIETY, AND EMOTIONAL IMPACT

  • Optimizing Unity and Variety in Song Form
           “Default” Form

  • Emotional Effects of Song Form

 


 

CHAPTER 9:
How Melody and Melody-harmony Integration REALLY Work
 

CHAPTER 9 is available only in the
complete 12-chapter
Second Edition of How Music REALLY Works!
Below: chapter contents.

  
 9.1
E
VOLUTION, MUSIC, AND EMOTIONAL AROUSAL

  • Why Music Is All About Emotion: Evolution and the Adaptive Purposes of the Emotions
    Dialogue Is Not Enough: Emotion and Film Music

  • Emotional Reactions as Responses to Surprise or Change
         
      Avoiding Habituation

  • Everybody’s on Drugs: Natural, Brain-manufactured Drugs

     

9.2
M
ELODY, MEMORY, AND MEMES

  • How Songs Function as Powerful Memes, Replicating and Mutating Like Genes

  • Why Most of the World’s Brilliant Tunes Have Not Yet Been Composed

 

9.3
M
ELODIC UNITY AND COHERENCE

  • Establishing Tonality with Melody
         
      Modulation in “Street Fighting Man”

  • Melodic Coherence and Intelligibility

  • Importance of a Practical Vocal Range

 

9.4 TUNE AND CHORD PROGRESSION

  • Melodic vs Harmonic Force of Intervals

  • Relative Speed of Melody Against Harmony: Emotional Effects
          1.  Harmony Moves Slower than Melody (“Normal” or
                  Default)

           2.  Harmony Moves Faster than Melody
           3.  Harmony and Melody Move at the Same Speed

  • Cadence in Its Melodic Context
           Cadence, Continuation, and Conclusiveness
           Masculine vs Feminine Cadence

 

9.5
VM P
HRASES WITHIN STRUCTURAL PHRASES: FROM WEILL AND BRECHT TO BOWIE AND BECK

  • Binary Structure at the Period Level

  • Wundt Curve Analyses

  • 16 Examples

  • Do the Melodic Techniques Presented in the next 10 Sections Guarantee Emotionally Powerful Tunes?

 

9.6
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#1): DONT LET YOUR COMFORT ZONE SELECT CERTAIN SONG ELEMENTS

  • Why Pre-selecting Some Elements Works Better than Letting Your Comfort Zone Select Them

  • The Four Pre-selections
    1.  Pre-select Meter
    2.  Pre-select Tempo
    3.  Pre-select VM Phrase Start Point with Respect to the
              First Structural Phrase
    4.  Pre-select Mode or Scale Type

  • Aim for Variety in Your Pre-selection Combinations

  • Sketch Your Four Pre-selections on Paper

 

9.7
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#2): RECOGNIZE THE PRIMACY OF RHYTHM PATTERNS

 

9.8
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#3): USE SEQUENCES

 

9.9
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#4): USE THE SAME RHYTHM PATTERN WITH MULTIPLE MELODIES

 

9.10
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#5): MIX UP STEPS, LEAPS, AND REPEATS

  • Stepwise (Conjunct) Motion

  • Leapwise (Disjunct) Motion

  • Repeated Tone Motion
          When to Make a Point of Using Repeated Tones

  • Mixing Melodic Motion

 

9.11
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#6): MIX UP NOTE VALUES

  • The Long and Short of It

  • How Melodic Augmentation and Diminution Work

 

9.12
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#7): USE MODULATION

 

9.13
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#8): USE NON-CHORD (NON-HARMONIC) TONES ON ACCENTED BEATS

  • Why Non-chord (Non-harmonic) Tones on Accented Beats Light up a Tune

  • Types of Non-chord Tones
           Unaccented Neighboring Tone—Auxiliary (Weak)
           Accented Neighboring Tone—Appoggiatura (Strong)
           Passing Tone (Weak)
           Suspension (Strong)
           Anticipation (Weak)

 

9.14
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#9): USE MODAL SCALES WITH DIATONIC CHORDS

  • How Modal Melody Works

  • Using Parallel Keys Simultaneously
         Parallel Keys in “Kiss from a Rose” (Seal)

 

9.15
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL TUNES
(#10): INCORPORATE A (REPEATING) MELODIC CLIMAX

  • Melodic Contour and Character

  • Melodic Climax: It’s Not Like in the Movies

  • No Need to Obsess About Where to Position the Climax

  • Saturation Tones Dissipate Melodic Tension

  • Melismas May Dissipate Melodic Tension, Too

  • Emotional Effects of Melodic Contour

 

9.16
P
UTTING IT ALL TOGETHER: A SUGGESTED APPROACH TO COMPOSING TUNES

  • If the Net’s Down, There’s No Structure, No Comprehension ... and No Emotional Connection

  • Where to Begin? With Pre-selections

  • Next: Original Rhythm Patterns

  • Next: Original Melodic Phrases—No Lyrics (Yet)

  • Next: Original VM Phrases (Words and Music)
    Pre-selections and Set-up
    Rapping and Accent-matching
    Adding Melody and Harmony

 

9.17
M
ELODY: UNITY, VARIETY, AND EMOTIONAL IMPACT

  • Optimizing Unity and Variety in Melodic Composition

  • Music First, or Lyrics?

 


 

CHAPTER 10:
How Lyrics REALLY Work
 

CHAPTER 10 is available only in the
complete 12-chapter
Second Edition of How Music REALLY Works!
Below: chapter contents.

  
10.1
E
VOLUTION AND LANGUAGE: THE BIOLOGY OF LYRICS

  • Great Lyrics: An Organizing Principle

  • Symbol-Making and Symbol-Processing

  • “I Heard It Through The Grapevine”: The Power of Gossip
     
      

10.2
L
YRICS IN SEMANTIC SPACE: THE CENTRAL IMPORTANCE OF EPA

  • The Problem of Pinning Down Connotative Meaning

  • Towards a Solution: Attitude Measurement

  • Linking Words with Attitude: Charles E. Osgood’s “Semantic Space”

     

10.3
L
YRICAL EMOTION: CHOICE OF WORDS

  • Content-words vs Function-words

  • Some Guidelines On Word Choice by Part of Speech
          Verbs
          Nouns
          Adverbs

          Adjectives
          Prepositions

  • Coming Up: 10 Powerful Lyrical Techniques You Can Use in Songs with Melodies and in Rap
     

 
10.4
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#1): USE FOUR ESSENTIAL TOOLS

 
 

10.5
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#2): USE A HIGH PROPORTION OF PERSONAL WORDS

  • Flesch’s “Personal Words” Index

  • Personal Pronouns
         Reflexive/Emphatic
         Indefinite
         Reciprocal
         Possessive
         Personal Pronouns In Contractions

     

10.6
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#3): USE A HIGH PROPORTION OF PERSONAL SENTENCES

  • Flesch’s “Personal Sentences” Index

  • Avoid Formality to Improve Listener Comprehension

 

10.7
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#4): PREFER CONCRETE SYMBOLS AND IMAGERY TO ABSTRACT IDEAS AND CONCEPTS


 

10.8
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#5): SAIL BEYOND THE HORIZON OF LOGIC AND THE REAL WORLDBUT USE THE WUNDT CURVE TO CHART YOUR WAY


   

10.9
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#6): KNOW HOW TO PROPORTION UNIQUE CONTENT-WORDS, FUNCTION-WORDS, AND REPEATED WORDS


 

10.10
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#7): LIVE FOR PARALLEL CONSTRUCTION, DIE FOR PARALLEL CONSTRUCTION

  • Differences Between Musical and Lyrical Structural Units

  • Parallel Construction for Emphasis and Memorability

  • Parallel Construction Verse to Verse, Chorus to Chorus

  • Parallel Construction Within a Verse or Chorus

  • Parallel Construction in Unparalleled Speeches


   

10.11
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#8): FIND TIME TO RHYME

  • Why Song Lyrics—Especially Rap Lyrics—Need Rhyme, but Poems Don’t (Necessarily)

  • “Truth” in Rhyme

  • Rhyme Schemes

  • Kinds of Rhyme

  • Rhyme by Similarity of Sound
          1. True Rhyme, aka Full or Perfect Rhyme
          2. Near Rhyme, aka Assonance, Vowel Rhyme,
                  Imperfect Rhyme, Off Rhyme

          3. Identical Rhyme
          4. Wrenched Rhyme

  • Rhyme by Syllable-number and Accent
          5. Masculine Rhyme
          6. Feminine Rhyme, aka Multi-syllable Rhyme
          7. Multi-word Rhyme
          8. Mosaic Rhyme

  • Rhyme by Location in a Phrase or Line
          9. End Rhyme
          10. Internal Rhyme
          11. Leonine Rhyme
          12. Beginning Rhyme

  • How to Use an Ordinary Rhyming Dictionary to Find Millions
         of Multi-syllable and Multi-word Vowel Rhymes

 
 

10.12
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#9): ADHERE TO THE ACCENT-MATCHING LAW (FOR THE MOST PART)

  • Accent-matching by Number of Syllables
          Single-syllable-word Accent-matching
          Two-syllable-word Accent-matching
          Three-syllable-word Accent-matching
          Four-or-more-syllable-word Accent-matching
          Compound Words

  • More on Rap Accent-matching
          Know Where the Bar Lines Are—Even if Your Listeners
     
               Don’t Know

          Accent-matching in Eminem’s “Lose Yourself”
          Use A Blank Structural Phrase Grid

 
 

10.13
10 T
ECHNIQUES FOR CREATING EMOTIONALLY POWERFUL LYRICS
(#10): DONT HESITATE TO REVISE

   
 

10.14
P
UTTING IT ALL TOGETHER: A SUGGESTED APPROACH TO COMPOSING LYRICS

  • The Lyric-writing Process and the Wundt Curve

  • The End of Writer’s Block

  • Where to Begin? Outside Your Comfort Zone: Use RIT to
    Build a Seed List of Independent High-EPA Words
    Customize Your RIT
    How to Build Your Seed List
    An Emotionally Feeble (Low-EPA) Seed List

  • Next: Use Your Seed List to Build a List of Independent Phrases and “Events”

  • Next: Use Your Phrase List to Build a List of Independent
    Rhyming Couplets
    How to Work Rhyme Into Couplets Using Phrases You’ve
          Already Written
    Couplets and Parallel Construction
    The Content of Couplets

  • Next: Forget About It; Let Your Unconscious Mind Work It

  • Next: Be Surprised; Finish Your Lyric

  • Next: Title It

  • Next: Set It To Notes or Beats

  • Repeat as Often as You Want To

 
 

10.15
L
YRICS: UNITY, VARIETY, AND EMOTIONAL IMPACT

 



CHAPTER 11:
How Repertoire, Signature, and Performance REALLY Work
 

CHAPTER 11 is available only in the
complete 12-chapter
Second Edition of How Music REALLY Works!
Below: chapter contents.

  
11.1
R
EPERTOIRE

  • What It Takes to Break Away from the Pack

  • You Have No Serious Competition
         1.  Songwriting Skills
         2.  Signature Sound and Style
         3.  Ambition
         4.  Music Business Knowledge and Skills

  • Do Not Co-write Unless You Absolutely Have To
         Rappers: Break Away from Producers—Do Your Own
              Beatmaking

  • Stop Performing Your Own Songs if They Don’t Cut It
     
     

11.2
Y
OUR SIGNATURE SOUND AND STYLE

  • How Signature Sound Differs from Signature Style
         Signature Sound
         Signature Style

  • Why You Need to Create a Signature Sound and Style

  • Elements of Your Signature Sound and Style

  • Developing Your Signature: Recognize Mimicry

  • Developing Your Signature: Locate Your Comfort Zone on the “Map” of Popular Music
    What if You Did Not Find Any Song Matches on the GSSL?

  • Developing Your Signature: Use the GSSL to Get Out of Your Comfort Zone

  • Developing Your Signature: Concentrate on Your Vocal—Not Instrumental—Sound and Style

  • Vocal Technique for Singers and Rappers: 10 Guidelines
         1.  Clear Your Throat
         2.  Keep Your Jaw, Neck, Shoulder, and Abdominal
                  Muscles Relaxed

         3.  Keep Your Head Slightly Down
         4.  Keep Your Lungs Full, Like Inflated Balloons
         5.  As Much as Possible, Keep Your Mouth Shut
         6.  Recognize Your “Chest Voice” and Develop It
         7.  Recognize Your “Head Voice” and Develop It
         8.  Recognize Your Falsetto and Develop It
         9.  Slur Notes, Not Words
        10. Warm Up

  • The Instructional Value of the Idol TV Singing Contest

 

11.3
P
ERFORMING LIVE

  • Mental Practice

  • Some Common Performing Problems

  • Kill Tedious Stage Patter

  • Intelligibility Matters: If They Bury Your Lyrics in the Mix, You Lose
    Why Sound Engineers Murder Vocals
    How to Deal with Instrument-heavy Live Sound
    What if They Insist on Instrument-dominant Mixing?

  • Confidence Is Everything: Dealing with Performance Anxiety/Stage Fright
    What About Beta Blockers?

  • Your Audience of One

 

11.4
P
ERFORMING IN THE STUDIO

  • Why Your Recorded Voice Sounds Different from the Way You Hear Your Voice

  • Cameras and Recorders Don’t Lie: Video Your Rehearsals

  • Recorded Vocals Matter Far More than Instrumental Tracks

  • Avoid Layers of Overdubs and Effects: Play It Live and Serve the Song

 


 

CHAPTER 12:
How the Music Business and Music Entrepreneurship REALLY Work
 

CHAPTER 12 is available only in the
complete 12-chapter
Second Edition of How Music REALLY Works!
Below: chapter contents.

  
12.1
S
TARTERS

  • Sectors of the Music Business

  • To Reiterate: The Song Is the Currency of the Music
         Business

  • Kill Ugly Attitude

  • Read, Read, Read, Study, Study, Study

  • The Music Business: A Male Bastion
     
      

12.2
Y
OUR PUBLIC IMAGE

  • Performance, Reputation, and All That
         Your Musical Image and Reputation
         Your Persona
         Fame vs Celebrity

  • How to Create a Stage Name

  • It’s Your Name and Career That Matter—Not Your Band’s Name and Career

  • Your Own Personal Drug Problem

 

12.3
Y
OUR OWN LABEL

  • 10 Reasons to Do It Yourself
         1.  Control
         2.  Freedom of Association
         3.  Speed
         4.  Profit
         5.  Simplicity
         6.  Guarantee of Getting Signed
         7.  A Music Business Education
         8.  Self Confidence
         9.  Career Longevity
         10. Integrity

  • Build Your Own Studio; Learn Recording and Mixing

  • Are You Ready to Tour? Do You Have Management? An Agent?

  • File Sharing: Your Best Promotional Tool

  • Your Power Over Record Labels

  • How to Handle Music Industry Lawyers

  • 14 Independent Songwriter-Performers and Bands Worth Studying

 

12.4
I
NDIE LABELS AND MAJOR LABELS

  • Why Most Bands and Songwriter-Performers Don’t Get Label Deals
    The Labels Don’t Have Tin Ears; Songwriters Have Tin Pens

  • How To Get Signed

  • Buzz, Branding, and (Mostly) Blind Dumb Luck: What You Need to Become a Big Time Rock/Hip-Hop/Country Star
    Example of the Buzz (or Bandwagon) Effect
    Example of the Brand Loyalty Effect
    Buzz and Payola

  • The Future: Hit? Song? Science?

 


 

APPENDIX 1:
Roedy Black’s Chord Progression Chart
 

 


 

APPENDIX 2:
Useful Websites and Resources

 

 




APPENDIX 3:
Winners of the Moose Nobel Prize in Music, 1901 - 2006

 

 


  
CHAPTER NOTES  (FREE)

 


  
REFERENCES
  (FREE)
  


  
INDEX
  (FREE)
  
  

   
 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12. Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Top

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 TABLE OF
 CONTENTS

 PART I
 The Big Picture

   Introduction
 
  1. W-5 of Music
  
2. Pop Music
   
    Industry

  
 PART II
 Essential
 Building Blocks
 of Music
   3.
Tones/Overtones
   4. Scales/Intervals
   5. Keys/Modes
 
 PART III
 How to Create
 Emotionally
 Powerful Music
 and Lyrics
   6.
Chords/
  
      Progressions

   7. Pulse/Meter/
  
     Tempo/Rhythm

   8. Phrase/Form
   9. Melody
 10. Lyrics
 11. Repertoire/
     
  Performance

  
 PART IV
 Making a
 Living In Music
 12.
Business of
   
     Music

 
 Appendixes
  
 Notes
  
 References
  
 Index


 

 

 

   Top

 

 


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